Introduction of Pakistan
Pakistan displays some of Asia’s most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from the Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some of the world’s most spectacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home to sites that date back to word’s earliest settlements rivaling those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Located in South Asia, Pakistan shares an eastern border with India and a north-eastern border with China. Iran makes up the country’s south-west border, and Afghanistan runs along its western and northern edge. The Arabian Sea is Pakistan’s southern boundary with 1,064 km of coastline.
The country has a total area of 796,095 sq km and is nearly four times the size of the United Kingdom. From Gwadar Bay in its south-eastern corner, the country extends more than 1,800 km to the Khunjerab Pass on China’s border.
Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the nation : Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State President
Head of Government Prime Minister
Total Area 796,095 Sq. km.
Pakistan is divided into four provinces viz., Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. The tribal belt adjoining Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa is managed by the Federal Government and is named FATA i.e., Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas have their own respective political and administrative machinery, yet certain of their subjects are taken care of by the Federal Government through the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas. Provinces of Pakistan are further divided into Districts
Religion 95% Muslims, 5% others.
Currency Pak. Rupee.
Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Urdu (National) and English (Official)
Literacy rate 53%
Government Parliamentary form
The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 100 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.
The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).
Pakistan National Flag
Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan’s profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities.
National Anthem Approved in August, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds (For more details click here)
State Emblem The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid’s motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline (For more details click here) Pakistan’s Official Map
Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Agricultural Growth Rate
4.1 % on the average for the last six years–1.5% in 2007-08
Total cropped area
25.01 million hectares
Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
Famous Mountain Peaks
Famous Mountain Passes
|The Khyber Pass||Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa|
|The Kurram Pass||FATA|
|The Tochi Pass||FATA|
|The Gomal Pass||Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa|
|The Bolan Pass||Balochistan|
|The Lowari Pass||Chitral (Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa)|
|The Khunjrab Pass||Northern Areas|
|The Indus||2,896 km|
|Beas (tributary of Sutlej)||398 km|
|Tarbela Dam||Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa|
|Warsak Dam||Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa|